Serb genocide and ethnic cleansing of Albanians in Sandjak of Nis

Serb genocide and ethnic cleansing of Albanians in Sandjak of Nis

Translated by Ahmet N Murati Written by Shpend Maliqi   “From Rashka, Serbians started penetration in X-XI century toward Fushë Kosova, through the flow upper Morava and through the flow of Vardar. Biggest Zhupan has burned out city of Lypjan, and it has ruined other areas (year 1091 AD). The son of Stefan Nemanja named Stefan and with last name Prvovencan writes at 1190: Nemanja has occupied except of the valley of Struma, also Prizren, Skopje and Leshtak of Pollog’s valley These cities are ruined to the foundation … (Dr. Fatmir Fehmiu: Genocide of Serbs regime toward Albanians). ” Then the other data: “According to historical sources and other material in the Sandjak regions of Nis from since antique to mid nineteenth century there was continuous Albanian population (Jovan Trifunovski,” Vranjska Kotlina “I, Skopje – 1969, fq.34. Dr. Sabit Uka “The expulsion of Albanians from Sandjak of Nis from 1877 to 1878,” Book I. Pristina, 1994, pg. 220-21 etc.)… The process of colonization of the Albanian territories with Slavic element, depopulation of Albanian ethnicity assimilation into Serbs during the most recent periods Belgrade has implemented in a particular way in the “Eastern Crisis” (1875). The Valley of Nis this period, there were 35’000 people killed, massacred Albanians. In a neighborhood inhabited by Albanians Nis (Ottoman documents do confirm the presence of Albanian residents in the city of Nis), were robbed and burned 300 houses. “Some Albanian families flee and pull the Morava valley south through the frost, across the mouth of Grdelica, to up to Vranje and Kumanova were killed … (Stephen L. Popovic, “Travelling through new Serbia”, Belgrade, 1950, pp. 345). “Jovan Hadzivasilevic Serbian writer, arguing Serbian extermination policy against the Albanian element, writes:” Expulsion of the Albanians became so that Serbia become a pure state and national, to the possibility that further action be directed towards Kosovo. (Dr. Jovan Hadzivasilevic , “Albanska KONGRA”, Belgrade, 1909, pp. 14 to 15). “Relying on various elaborates depopulation- Nazi, as well as” Nacertania “(1844) of Ilia Grashanin (a former Serbian official ), the segment like this, the colonization Serbian Albanian lands, there’s this face: “Between Two World Wars king’s government on behalf of agrarian reform nationalized 129,212. 94 hectares of land in Kosovo. During this time, Kosovo set 13. 482 families with about 67. 410 members in 594 settlements. (AJ B. MAR, 96 – 21 – 69, Register of colonies: dated 8. 4. 1940). Invaders implemented genocide and ethnocide scorched earth strategy of ethnic cleansing of Albanian lands annexed with moral support, political, diplomatic the Russian military of Europe. Prince of Serbia, Milan ordered the military and paramilitary Obrenovic Chetniks “greatest merit to the state and the Serbian nation will have one who will be able to eliminate the displacement of many Albanians.” In terms of a winter with snow and not remembered, drew about 300,000 Albanians from their homes to Toplica, Kosaonica, Pustareka etc.., who lived in about 700 localities, of which about 640 fully Albanian Albanian-majority Islamic by the end of the century. XVI-early XVII century. About 350,000 Albanians fled mainly Muslim ancestral lands Greek and Montenegrin armies. Resources speak about 70,000 Albanians slaughtered, killed and roasted in the fire houses in about 600 Albanian villages flattened by fire only 1877 / 8. Any step of the Great Powers to prevent the genocide with more features cannibalism display especially by Serbs on Albanians and Albanians of Sandjak of Nis!?   EMIGRATION OF ALBANIANS FROM THE SANDJAK OF NIS  1878-1912 (XIX) Well known Serbian writer Jovan Hadzi Vasiljeviq, in his book “Albanian League” (Belgrade 1909) states: “The Albanians have remained in Serbia (read Sandjak of Nis) until August” of 1878, while the Serbian government after the signing of the Berlin Congress moved beyond Serbia in Kosovo “. In the same publication the reader will find the following argument:” The main motive for which the Serbian government expulsed Albanians from the newly liberated territories  (read: Sandjak of Nis), which now mostly seen that the aims were: that of Serbia to establish national clean state: after the decisions of the Congress of Berlin to return all territories where Albanians live, that Serbia’s action in the future be directed towards Kosovo and generally there to ensure peace and order of set by the Serbian authorities. In that case, the displacement of Albanians from the military circles as already is explained that Serb officers in Serbia wish to have its Caucasus. “Regarding this phenomenon, there was: The deportation of Albanians several places in the territories of the Sandjak Nis remained deserted, as there were villages where the names were not known, but the government couldn’t knew the names of those places, because there has been who tell them. Now it was necessary that they ruins of colonized territories and populated. In what direction did wrong and every day I see the fault of Serbia. At the same time, orders expulsion of Albanians across the border, were sent to demand that the Serbs from that side of the border to return here in Serbia. Endeavour Serbs from that side of the border, be transferred to our side and who come to give ground, has been oriented daily. Later the Serbian government will recognize that it was not necessary to follow the Albanians and indicated it would attempt to take advantage. In such a contact, on 4 August 1879, in a conversation between Albanian and Serbian representatives, the Albanian representative said: “”It’s good, sir, but it will not be done. You Serbs do not have trust and faith. Neither your king has no trust and religion. He sent Proclamation in war time to wait and accept his army and promised us that while we will be peaceful citizens and honest, we will be permitted to stay in our homes. We listened to the army and authority, we subdued. But then the it’s authorities, in most difficult time, expulsed us with children for three days if we were savages. And now to believe to you?!  If we didn’t believe his word, he never would enter with his army in our Arnautllak”  (turkish name of Albania). These arguments show that after the Congress of Berlin 620 Albanian villages were left deserted. In relation to this English documents witness published in book  Bilall SHIMSHIRIT Rumeliden Geqlrei I- II Istambull 1979. In these materials it is witnessed  that at the time in vilayet of Kosovo and a Monastery of Nis, from Plav and Gucia from territory of Junipazar, there are 350 thousand displaced inhabitants, of whom the vast majority of Kosovo in the Sandjak of Nis, until 1892 5600 displaced Serbs. Similar data also give Turkish statistics. In reality, the figure marks the Turkish statistics for 450 Serbs later than Serbian figures. According to Serbian and Turkish documents, all Albanians from Sandjak of Nis will be deployed in Kosovo. At that time (1868-1878) Nis Sandjak vilayet was part of Kosovo. Therefore the overwhelming majority of the population, the Sandjak of Nis called Albania. In the questions that were made to the displaced ones of Sandjak of Nis in the territory and Kosovo Albanians responded: “I am Albanian. I  am expulsed of Albania, Sandjak of Nis, territories of Prokuple , Vllasë village, village Mehanë, Maqastena village, village Gjakë, village Kertok” , and other villages considered themselves an integral part and Albanian ethnicity. Later after the year 1912 these figures Serbian historiography and propaganded through Europe at that time  (1878) supposedly Kosovo Albanians gave done expulsion from  Albania, which does not respond at all to the truth. In fact, nowhere in the world, in any archive or library, can not find any document or given that during the century, 19’s, from that part of Albania, which was formed in 1913, will have been displaced in Kosovo even a family. This article you are reading off.   HISTORICAL FORGETTING: SERBIAN EXPULSION AND GENOCIDE AGAINST ALBANIANS IN SANDJAK OF NIS AND OTHER CITIES Liberation of the territories of Belgrade pashaluk and 6 other nahijes during the years 1800 until 1875 was to Serbian legitimate. However, on the other hand, they removed the non-Serb populations from those regions. Thus according to a note historiography of the period 1800 until the year 1875 stated that the Serbian government and military circles of the left and the aforementioned areas of the Morava Valley, says there, about 150,000 Albanian residents. Obrenovic’s regimes dynasty (1817-1903) continued state terrorist policy against the Albanians and Bosnians, during ’30-ies of nineteenth century, with the objective of ethnic cleansing. In the spirit of this policy, the Government of the Principality of Serbia in 1832 ordered that every Albanian and Bosniak, was captured in Serbia, you be beaten by 25 with a stick, while the 1834 ordered the army used to burn villages. Serbian authorities in 1856, with the Paris Peace Agreement had acquired some right which can remove all Shumadija Albanians from cities, as well as Herzegovina. On 2 March 1865 Knjaz Mihaili had issued the law for the colonization of foreigners. With that law which they were holding territories Albanians, especially from Sandjak of Nis and Pirotit was serbized (been colonized immediately after the Congress of Berlin, because Serbia is accepted here as a country. Albanians should emphasized that the by the end of the nineteenth century were located in most cities and towns, villages Sandjak of Nis and elsewhere The majority of households were concentrated in the region of Toplice (Circle of Prokuples, Dobriqit, and part of Jablanica Kosanica of of Pustareka with Kurshumlia), the region of Vranje (part of Pustareka and Jablanica district, district of Leskovac, Polanica, Grdelica, Masurica, Pqinja, Inogoshtetje), and in the region of Nis and some even in the Pirotit Albanian residents had also in other countries, especially in cities, such as in Qupri, appeared, Uzice, Krusevac, Aleksinc, Karanovc (Kraljevo) up to Belgrade. Albanian population in the territories of Sanxhankut of Nis, was located mainly in the following settlements: – Alikinci, Alabana, Arbanashka, Arbanashci, Araqa, Hasanovci; – Balltiqi, Barllova, Bajshtica Upper, Lower Bajshtica, Balinovci, Baca, Banjska, Bajqiqi, Bajqinca, Buci, Borova, Repanjes Baths, Bajqinovci, Bardyzi, Baths, Babviqevci, Babatica, Babishevci, Banjabara, Bajra, Batushica, Barlova, beryl, Bedila, Bellanicë, Belibregu, Bellotini, Bellobregu, Bellanovci, Berxhika, Beselica, Berbatofci, Bellpola, Belegu, Bubavci, Berjana, Lower Beashtica, Binovci, Blace, Boka, Borovci, Borinci, Bojniku, Bunovci, Bogujevci, Bujanovac Bugujevci (in the district of Jablanica / Jabllanica) Buzhurana, Breznica Bresternavi, Brallova, Brajshori, Branina, bresi, Brezniqiqi, Breznica Bullatovci, Buqinca, Bublica, Bufca, Burevica, Burinci, Budeci, Bumbereku, Bullaini, Bukollrami, Bukozhani, Bukovagllava, bushtrani, Buqinca, Byqmeti Upper, Lower Byqmeti, Byqmeti medium, Bugunuvci;-Cervaneku, Cernoverni, Cerrcavci Upper, Lower Cerrcavci, Cerrnatova; – Çestelina, Çiftliku, Çokoti, (one in a district of Nis in Jablanica ) Dukovci;-Dankoviqi,Devotini, Dedinca, Upper Devqa, Degermeni, Dediqi, Dekutina, Deshullovci, Dedishka, Dikovci, Dllugojnica, Dobratiqi, Debrejance, Dobrasheva, Dobridolli, Dragideli, Dragusha Upper, Lower Dragusha, Dranica, Dragobuzhda , Draganci, Drevina, Drenova, Drenci, Drenovci, Dubrava, Dubranja, Dubnica, Durnjaci, Dubova, Dugidelli, Dugolluka, Dublica, Dukati, Drugalevci, Dubulevi; -Gazdara,Gajtani, Gabinca, Graica, Granic, Gesolica, Gegla, Gerguri ( in Jablanica), Gerguri (in the district of Prokuples) Gojnofci, Gopnja, Gollaku, Govori, Grabofci, Gragoqevci, Grabovica, Gerbafci, Grebolica, Gllasoviku, Gllasnoviqi, Gradni, Gunjaraku, gurivica, Gubetini, gurgurofci, gurgurova, Gurgora; -Gjemnica, Gjelekari, Gjelekara, blood, and Upper and Lower Blood, Gjukella, gjorgjefci, Gjushica, Gjingjusha, Gjurkofci, Gjurefci, Gjikolli, Gjurgjefci; -Hergaja,Huruglica Upper, Lower Huruglica; -Igrishta(of Vranje), Igrishta (e Pust Reka), Ivana Ivankulla, Izumna; -Jabuqa,Jakofci, Jashanica Upper, Lower Jashanica, Jellashinca; -Kamenica,Katundmorina (district of Nis), Komotena, Kumareva, Kallabofci, Katuni, Kacabaqi, Katiqi, Kapiti, Klaiqi, Klisurica, Konjufci, Koprani, Konxheli, Korbevci, Hill, Konjuva, Konjuhi, Kojqiqi, Koqane, Kremenata, Kertoku, Krivaqa, Krushevica, kerqmara Upper, Lower Kerqmara, Kovanlloku, Upper Kutllovci, Lower Kutllovci, Kuqi, Krushevica, Kutllova, Kutllat, Kozmaqi, Koznica, Lower Kordinci, Upper Kordinci, Lower Kordinci, Kallabovci, Kalimanca, Koshareva,Konjina; -Legatica,Lebofci, Upper Levqa, Lebane, Leci, Leskovabara, Lepanja, Leboshtica, Letovnishte, Leturna, Lumeqi , Drawing, Lipovica, Lusha; -Llallinca,Llazalla, Llapashtica, Llozana, Llozna, Llopetinca, Llugiqi, Llumnica, Llukova, Llugari; – Manistirishta, Masurica, Magashi, Mazareqi, Maleivci, Makovci, Magova, Magarenja, Marovci, Maqedonci, Maqestena , Magjera, Maqina, Maqkovci, Matarova, Matajevci, Great Matajevci,  Small Merqezi, Medja, Maqkovci, Mekishi, Merofci, Mesgraja, Megjuana, Mehanja, Mealica, Mernica, Medveci (Merqia, Mellova, Merveshi, Mekishi, Meshica, Merkonja, Merlaku, Merkoviqi), all these names in parentheses are with (unusual after M), Megjurova, Milina, Miroqica, Mikullofci, Mikulani, Mirovci, Miroshevci, Milivojci, Miskiqi, Mirosllavi, Mirinca, Mihalica, Red Apples, Momqilli, Mugosha, Muzaqa, Muqena,Muleviqi; -Novo,Neredovci Upper, Lower Neredovci, Negosavla, Novo (one in the Toplice district in at the Vranje), Neveda, Nelaku, Nesushta; -Orlishte,Orana, Orlana , Oraqi, Obertinca, Obllaqina, Ostrogllava, Obarda, Orashci; -Paqarada,Parada, Pasjaqa, Pasjaqa (Nis), Pavllovci, Pallata, Pashici, Petrovci, Ppevatica, Perunika, Pestishi, Pestina, Petrila, Pertata, Peqenci, Pokofci, Pervetica , Peroshtica, Great Pllana, Small Pllana, Plakova, Plloqniku, respectively Upper Pllashnik , Lower Pllashniku, Poterzhani, Popofci, Popova, Poturqoi, Pareqi, Pollomi, Pollomi (one in the other region of Vranje ee Prokuples) Upper Prebeza, Lower Prebeza, Prekoqna, Pretreshnja, Prekodelli, Prekedini, Prevallci, Preboji, Preseka, Prekopqellnika, Prekopuca, Prekorogja, Prekashtica, Preobrazhenja, Preopollci, Piskala, Pishteva, Pustoshillova, Pustovojllovci, Pukovci, Pupovica; -Qyqalla,Qunglla; -Radeci, Radovci, Rabovci, Rafuna, Rakovica, rashka, Rashica, Rastelica, raqa, rasuhaqa, Ramabaja, Ramnishta, Ravnishori, Ravnareka, Rashevci, Rataji, rastavica, Rumanovci, Raputofci, Rastavica, Rasturrula, ragjenovci, Radinovci, Ramadeni, Relinci, Reqica e Eperme, Reqica e Poshtme (ne Toplic), Teqica e Leskovcit, Retkoceri i Eperm, Retkoceri i Poshtem, Resinci, Ribinci,Rudari, rukofci, Runjiku, Rubofci;Rubofci; -Samakova,Sellova, Seoce, Sekicolli, seqinica, Selishta, Sekiraqa, Sllavnica, Sllamniku, Sllabniku, Slatina, Siarina, Slishani, Slivnica, Slivove, Simnica, Sinanova, Sodarca, Skobari, Skoverqa, Statovci, Stublla, Stashillova, Starasella, Starobanja, Surdulica, Suvidolli, Suvojnica, Suvamorava, Sudimla, Svinjisishte, Sfirca, Svin jarina, Upper Sfarqa, Lower Sfarqa ,Sagonjeva, Samarinci, Sagorjeva, Studenci, Spanca, Smrdani, Stropska, Smiloviqi, Stullca; -Sharprinci, Shahiqi, Shqrrlinci, Shahinovci, Upper Shatra, Lower Shatra, Sharci, Shanalluka , Shuliqi, respectively Shylyshi, Shillova, Shipovci, Shishmanovci, Shirokonjeva, Shulemaja, Shushnjaku,Shtullca; Talirofci, Terstena, Ternava e Poshtme, Ternave e Eperme, Ternava(Nish), terpeza, Terrha, Termkolli, Upper Terbunja, Lower Terbunja, Ternavillazi) all these name are with ë at the end T, Tena, Tihofci, Toqani, Toverlani, Toshi, topllaci, Topanica, Togaqevci, Treqaku, Trebinja, Tullari,(Jabllanic), Tullari(Prokuple), Tmava,Turjana, Tupalla, Tupalla (Nish), Turqica, Tubuzhde; -Umi,Uzllok,Ushi; -Vardeniku, Vardini, Vasiqevci, (Verbica, Verbova, Verbovci, Vertopi) keta emra ne kllapa jan me e-paza pas V, Vrella, Vagermeni, Veqa, Vllasa e Eperme, Vuqaku, Vishesella, Vitosha, Vllahinja, Vllasa (e Prokuples), Vllasa (e qarkut te Vranjes), Vllahova, vova, Vojllovci i Eperm, Vodica, Vojiznova, Verbovci i Eperm, Vrezhina e Poshtme, Visoka, Vershefci, Vranovci, Vuqjaku, Vukojefci, Vuqa, Vujanova, Vujiznova(Nish); -Zagragja, zaravinja, Zllatokoni, Zakishenje, Zuqa, Zllata, Zubuvci, Zebica; -Zhapska, Zhegrova, Zhdelova, Zhinipoyoku, Zhitorogja, Zhuqa, Zhuqi.- Cities: Prokupla, Kushumlia, Leskoci, Vranja, Nishi, Sharqoj Sheherqoj(Piroti), Bellapallanka, Tërni.   Total: 551 settlements. Request but also exist in other settlements. Whose number is about 700 settlements. Colonization process of the Albanian territories in Slavic element and forced resettlement of Albanians to realize the transformation of the ethnic map in his favor, Serbia and Montenegro during the new historical period, have continued to implement the crisis years, especially from Eastern (1875), respectively, since the Russo-Turkish war (1877-1878), when Serbia took Sanxhankun of Nis, which were also included ethnic Albanian areas: Toplica, Kushumlia, Vranje, Masurica, Province of Leskovac, Prokuplje etc.  Serbia exercised a massive genocide against the Albanian population, which also relied on Russian forces. Serbian military to realize that the purposes have used brutal means to the physical liquidation of Albanians sparing neither children, women, the eldest ones. Over 35 000 Albanians of different ages were killed by gunfire, the bayonet, by the burning of living, by freezing in the snow and ice. There were many mothers with babies in the frozen bay. Then they robbed, burned and destroyed many Albanian villages. Burning and destruction of homes of Albanians were no quantifiable almost all Albanian villages were burned to ashes on the roof of the harsh winter. Only one of the neighborhoods of the city was made of hi and char 300 Albanian houses. Massive looting of assets were starting from bench through to furniture, seating, cover, clothing, money, crops, dairy, livestock, etc.   Colonization and extermination of Albanians in the ways and methods become more cruel and barbaric, to demonstrate what the Serbs themselves;   “Some Albanian families to flee and retreating the Morava River valley south, through the great cold, near the mouth of Grdelica way through to death, and Kumanovo, were seen thrown children and old people dead and frozen. The withdrawal has been tragic, horses and cattle slowly pulled carts through the snow, because it they had few carts. Some thrown kids lay, missing or half dead from fatigue and hunger have been swollen and puffy as the drum, left some of our soul then when the feeding or after eating “(Stefan L.Popovic Data from Newly-Travelling through Serbia, Belgrade, 1950, pg.345).   Jovan Hadzivasilevic Serbian writer explains the goals of the Serbian government for the occupation of territories in the South. He writes that the expulsion of the Albanians became so “for Serbia to become country and national clean the possibility that Serb action in the future has run toward parts of Kosovo.”   In pursuit of the Albanians in some villages they have remained completely deserted; some villages didn’t knew their names, because there was no one to tell. From these areas for a short time became ethnic cleansing over 700 Albanian villages and settlements with a population around 300,000 persons. In their place were placed Serbs and Montenegrins loyal to the regime. Albanian population expelled from Sandjak of Nis, mainly settled in the territory of nowadays Kosovo, some were deployed in nowadays Macedonia’s territory and many of them ended up miserable outside, across the Bosporus, in the deserts of Anatolia and beyond.   We have also the data of the villages of Kosovo, into which this population is settled.   For more information, you can find in the book: “Serbian colonization of Kosovo” of the author Jusuf Osmani.   The expulsion of Albanians from Sandjak of Nis 1877-1878 by the author Dr. Sabit Uka.   Placement and positions of Albanians in Kosovo 1878-1912 by the author Dr.Sabit Uka.        Albanians are denoted by yellow color. Year 1861 Albanians are denoted by light blue color. Year 1922 Albanian Muhajirs Albanian Muhajirs in Thessaloniki, Greece Ethnic map of Balkan From Russia 1867 Albanians are denoted using these colors

Using green color are denoted Greek Orthodox ones
Using brown color are denoted muslim ones
Using light green color are denoted roman catholic ones Etnographic map of 1876

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